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Be Your Own Health Advocate: Medical Care After 50

If you’re over 50, you’ve likely noticed that health care becomes a bit more complicated. Suddenly, the doctor’s office feels like a second home, and medical bills start piling up. The good news? You don’t have to navigate this complex landscape alone. Becoming your own health advocate can not only help you get better quality of care, but it can also help you understand your treatment options and even reduce health care costs.

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Know Your Providers

Building a strong rapport with your primary care providers isn’t just a one-and-done deal; it’s an ongoing relationship that evolves over time. The following tips below can deepen this relationship.

Frequent Check-ins

Regular visits to your primary care providers aren’t only for when you’re feeling under the weather. Routine check-ups can help you keep track of any significant differences in your physical health, like changes in blood test results, which might not manifest as symptoms immediately. This proactive approach ensures that you can discuss and tackle health issues before they escalate. Thanks to my regular checkups, my doctor noticed abnormal lab results and advised further testing, which ultimately led to the removal of a cancerous polyp.

Communication is Key

Open dialogue with your primary care doctors allows them to gauge your daily basis lifestyle and, consequently, helps them offer more personalized treatment plans. So, don’t shy away from discussing your habits, routines, and even those weird chest pains you had last year, but didn’t think were a big deal. You health care team is there to help, not judge you.

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Be Informed and Ask Questions

Come prepared to each doctor’s visit. It’s okay to make a list of questions, concerns, or symptoms you have. You can consult resources like the American Medical Association, state laws related to health, or even quality health care studies to formulate these questions. This helps your healthcare provider understand your level of engagement and could assist them in providing the best care. Also see, What Questions to ask Your Doctor.

Involve Yourself in Treatment Decisions

Your primary care providers should present you with treatment options and their possible outcomes. Use this information to actively participate in your medical care. This might include opting for a less invasive treatment, discussing the risk factors associated with different treatments, or exploring alternative therapies. After my doctor presented various treatment choices, I took the initiative to do some independent research. Ultimately, I chose a less invasive procedure that turned out to be effective!

Know Your Rights and Options

In a world where health care costs are often prohibitive, understanding your insurance options is crucial. Insurance companies might cover the costs of certain procedures but not others. Knowing this in advance can save you from unexpected medical bills.  The insurance biller at your doctor’s office often know what is covered or not. The biller will also be able to give you insurance codes that will be billed to discuss with your insurance company. Most places are willing to set up a payment plan. 

Language Barriers

If English isn’t your first language, ask if your primary care practices offer language assistance services. Effective communication is essential for quality medical care, so make sure language isn’t a barrier. You can also contact the language assistance services here. They offer a variety of languages to help you out.

Maintain an Updated Medical History

Each visit to your primary care physicians should update your medical records. Keeping track of your history is crucial for understanding your health trajectory and making future plans. Digital tools or even a good old-fashioned notebook can help you maintain these records.hese days, many medical records are digital, making it easier to access them with a secure code from your doctor’s office.

Ask for Support Resources

If you have chronic illnesses or other long-term conditions, inquire about additional support. Many primary care doctors work with a team of health care professionals, including social workers and nurse practitioners, who can offer a multidisciplinary approach to managing your health.


Being actively engaged with your primary care providers not only fosters a better patient-doctor relationship, but also empowers you to take a more active role in your health care. Remember, you’re not just a patient in a system; you’re an individual with unique health needs and the right to high-quality medical care. So, get to know your providers, ask questions, and take control of your health journey.

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Discuss with Family Members: Deepening the Connection

Involving your family in your healthcare journey goes beyond just having an extra set of ears during doctor visits. Here’s how you can further engage them:

Designate a Health Care Proxy

It’s essential to have a trusted family member act as your health care proxy or power of attorney for medical decisions. If you ever find yourself in a situation where you can’t make decisions, this person will step in on your behalf, ensuring that your wishes and best interests are respected.

Share Your Medical Records

It might seem like a private matter, but sharing your medical records with close family members can offer them a comprehensive understanding of your health conditions. This helps when discussing potential treatment options or planning the next steps in your healthcare journey.

Family Meetings

Consider organizing a family meeting to discuss important issues related to your health. This setting allows for a detailed conversation where family members can ask questions, and you can provide them with any new information you’ve received from your healthcare providers.

Consult on Financial Aspects

Healthcare often comes with a financial burden. Involving family in financial planning related to your medical care can help distribute responsibilities and identify any gaps or challenges, such as insurance company policies or existing health care costs.

Leverage Their Skillsets

Do you have a family member who’s good with research? Maybe someone who’s good at managing finances or who understands legal jargon? Utilize their skills to help manage different aspects of your healthcare journey. A friend of mine had a daughter who was excellent at research and was a great advocate for her mother’s care. 

Create a Support Network

It’s not always about the medical aspect; sometimes emotional support can be just as important. Family members can join support networks or groups that focus on particular health conditions you may be experiencing. Their involvement could help them understand the emotional and psychological aspects of your health.

Emergency Contact List

Ensure that several family members are on your emergency contact list. Distribute a list with their names and phone numbers and ensure this list is easily accessible in emergencies. A shared digital document could be handy for this.

Keep Them Updated

It’s a good idea to regularly update your family on any significant changes in your health status, treatment plans, or recommendations from healthcare professionals. This could be through family meetings, group emails, or phone calls.

Team-Based Approach

Health is a team sport. Ask family members if they want to be part of your multidisciplinary approach to healthcare. Whether it’s accompanying you to appointments or helping you analyze test results, their diverse perspectives and emotional support can only benefit you.


Incorporating your family more deeply into your healthcare journey not only provides you with emotional and logistical support but also enriches the collective family knowledge about important health-related topics. After all, healthcare is a collective endeavor, and the more informed and engaged your team, the better your outcomes can be.

Understand Treatment Options

Understanding your treatment options is an integral part of being proactive about your healthcare. This is not just about nodding your head during a doctor’s visit; it’s about truly grasping what’s at stake, what your choices are, and what the road ahead looks like. Here are some ways to dig deeper:

Research Evidence

One of the best things you can do is familiarize yourself with evidence-based treatments for your health conditions. Consult reputable sources like studies, systematic reviews, or guidelines by esteemed organizations such as the American Medical Association or the American Heart Association.

Inquire About Side Effects

Every treatment option, whether medication or surgery, comes with potential side effects or risks. Make sure you ask your healthcare provider about them. Knowing the pros and cons can significantly influence your decision-making process.

Cost Considerations

Let’s not beat around the bush; medical care can be expensive. Discuss the health care costs of different treatment options with your provider and even check in with your insurance company to understand what is and isn’t covered.

Consult Other Professionals

Don’t limit your consultation to just your primary care physicians. A multidisciplinary approach often yields the best outcomes. For example, for heart disease, you might consult a cardiologist in addition to your family doctor. Nurse practitioners and social workers can also offer different perspectives on treatment options.

Consider Your Lifestyle

Your lifestyle can significantly impact how effective a treatment plan is. If you have a hard time sticking to routines, let your healthcare provider know. They may offer simpler or more flexible options that better suit your daily basis activities.

Involve Family in Decision-Making

Your treatment options don’t just affect you; they often have an impact on your family members as well. Their input can be invaluable, particularly when you’re faced with multiple valid options.

Future of Medicine and Emerging Treatments

New treatment options are emerging all the time. While it’s essential to stick with evidence-based medicine, asking your provider about any recent advances related to your condition is a good idea. Just because a treatment is the current standard doesn’t mean it will be next year.

The Right to Second and Third Opinions

You’re entitled to seek other opinions if you’re unsure about the recommended treatment plan. This is often standard practice for significant diagnoses and could offer alternative paths you hadn’t considered. You can find sites that rate doctors here.

Chronic Condition Management

If you have a chronic illness, treatment is often long-term. Discuss with your healthcare provider about how the proposed treatments fit into long-term health objectives and what modifications might be needed over time.

Second Opinions and Consultations

Seeking a second opinion isn’t a sign of mistrust in your primary healthcare provider; rather, it’s an exercise in due diligence. In fact, many doctors encourage it for serious or complicated conditions. Here’s how to go about it thoughtfully:

Why It Matters

A second opinion can provide fresh perspectives that you might not have considered. It also offers a form of validation for the original diagnosis and treatment plan. Having multiple professionals agree on your medical condition and the course of action can give you extra peace of mind.

Where to Look

When looking for second opinions, consult credible sources like the American Medical Association for guidelines on specialists in the field. You might also consider reaching out to faculty members from accredited medical schools or established medical groups who have a proven record of clinical expertise in your area of concern.

Tap Into Networks

Your primary care physician or even family members in the medical field can often recommend reliable professionals for a second opinion. Health care professionals often have a network of colleagues and can point you to experts who can offer another layer of insight.

What to Ask

When you go for a second opinion, it’s not just about confirming or challenging the first diagnosis. Ask about alternative treatment options, recent advancements in the field, and the risk factors involved. The more comprehensive your understanding, the better your decision-making will be.

Insurance and Costs

Check with your health insurance to see if a second opinion is covered. Some insurance companies even require a second opinion for particular conditions or treatments. Knowing your policy details can save you from unexpected medical bills down the line.

Timeliness is Key

While second opinions are beneficial, they also take time. Make sure to consider the urgency of your condition. For conditions that are less time-sensitive, you can afford to spend a bit more time consulting with various experts.

Online Consultations

Thanks to technology, second opinions don’t always require an in-person visit. Several reputable online platforms offer consultation services that allow you to upload your medical records and receive a second opinion remotely.

Ethical Considerations

While getting a second opinion, ensure that it is an independent consultation. The second doctor should not be influenced by the diagnosis or treatment plan recommended by the first. This ensures that the opinion is unbiased and genuinely reflective of their expertise.

When To Seek Further Opinions

In some cases, even two opinions might not offer clarity. In such instances, a third or even fourth consultation may be advisable. Though rare, this can happen in exceedingly complex or rare health conditions.

By investing the effort in seeking second opinions and consultations, you’re taking a more active role in your healthcare. Multiple perspectives not only broaden your understanding but can also lead to more tailored and effective treatment plans. After all, when it comes to your health, two heads—or diagnoses—are often better than one.

Insurance and Financial Planning

Understanding your health insurance is crucial. Some insurance companies cover specific treatments and procedures, while others don’t. Moreover, private insurance and the federal government through the Affordable Care Act offer different kinds of benefits. Talk to a financial planner or social workers who specialize in personal finance and medical bills to help navigate the maze.

Regular Check-Ups and Screenings

As older adults, screenings like prostate cancer screening, blood tests, pelvic exams, and eye exams become crucial. According to the American Heart Association, these can help in early detection and disease prevention. Schedule these tests as recommended by your health care professionals.

Be Proactive in Emergency Situations

Knowing where the nearest emergency room is and having the phone numbers of close family and your primary care providers can save precious time in emergencies like heart attacks or severe chest pain.

Consult a Multidisciplinary Team

A lot of people over 50 deal with multiple chronic illnesses. In such cases, a multidisciplinary approach is often best. This could include consultations with nurse practitioners, patient navigators, and even medical students who are part of a focus group studying specific health conditions.


Maintain a file with all your medical history, test results, and treatment plans. These records can be invaluable when consulting different health care professionals or in emergency situations. U.S. News and World Report suggest that excellent outcomes often depend on well-kept medical records.


By becoming an independent patient advocate, you’re not just helping yourself but setting a precedence for older patients who may have a hard time navigating the complex world of health care in the United States. Remember, it’s your health, and you have the right to the best care possible. Be proactive, be informed, and take control of your medical future.

Take Charge of Your Healthcare Journey

Navigating the complexities of medical care after 50 can feel like walking through a maze, but remember, you’re not alone. From knowing your primary care providers and discussing plans with family members, to understanding your treatment options and seeking second opinions, taking an active role in your healthcare can make a significant difference. And it’s not just about finding the best care; it’s about finding the best care for you.

By becoming your own health advocate, you not only improve the quality of your healthcare but also gain a sense of control and empowerment. This journey is a collaborative effort involving healthcare professionals, family, and—most importantly—you. So equip yourself with knowledge, seek out multiple perspectives, and make informed decisions. After all, you’re the starring actor in the story of your health; make sure you’re also in the director’s chair.

Here’s to aging gracefully and healthfully, one informed decision at a time. Cheers to you and your proactive approach to your well-being!

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21 thoughts on “Be Your Own Health Advocate: Medical Care After 50”

  1. This is such an important article! Even being under 50 I’ve really had to advocate for my health. I love all these tips, especially having an interdisciplinary team! Thank you for sharing!

  2. Taking seriously our approach to health care is very important. A lot of people are afraid of doctors and medical institutions. We need to understand that they are also humans, making human mistakes…

  3. Love this! With age Iave I learned to question service providers and advocate for myself. No longer viewing doctors as the experts of my body came with taking responsibility for my choices and actions which feels empowering. The best doctor-patient relationship is on an eye level based on respect and both wanting the best for the patient. NOT profits the pharma industry…

  4. It’s so important to be our own health advocate. Being prepared for a doctor’s visit with questions, concerns, or symptoms is key to staying healthy.

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